|Scincus scincus, common skink or common sandfish|
Five, see text.
Scincus is a genus of skinks, lizards in the family Scincidae. The genus contains four or five species, all of which are typical desert inhabitants, living in sandy and dune-like areas with a hot and dry climate. Species in the genus Scincus can be found from Arabia to the Sahara desert.
Scincus is the type genus of the subfamily Scincinae. As the subfamily Scincinae appears to be paraphyletic and is in need of revision, it is as yet undetermined which skink genera are closely enough related to Scincus to be retained in the Scincinae. (Austin & Arnold 2006).
The genus Scincus contains five species which are recognized as being valid.
- Scincus albifasciatus Boulenger, 1890
- Scincus conirostris (Blanford, 1881) – sandfish skink
- Scincus hemprichii Wiegmann, 1837
- Scincus mitranus Anderson, 1871 – eastern sandfish or eastern skink
- Scincus scincus (Linnaeus, 1758) – common sandfish or common skink
- "Scincus ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- Austin, J.J. & Arnold, E.N. (2006). "Using ancient and recent DNA to explore relationships of extinct and endangered Leiolopisma skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) in the Mascarene islands". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (2): 503–511. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.12.011 (HTML abstract).